Friday, March 31, 2006

Don't Treat Married Priests Like Pariahs

The church welcomes married Protestant ministers to its clergy--so why the double standard?

By John Horan

The starting premise--celibacy is not essential to the priesthood--is surely something everyone agrees upon. Jesus explicitly chose married men as his apostles. Peter, a married man, was Jesus' handpicked leader. The epistles clearly contain references to married bishops and priests. For the first 12 centuries of church practice, 39 popes were married, in addition to many priests and bishops. Three popes (Anastasius I, Saint Hormidas, and Sergius III) produced pope sons of their own, two of whom went on to be declared saints (Saint Innocent I and Saint Silverius).

But in the 11th century, the starting premise was mothballed. Pope Gregory VII mandated that anyone seeking ordination must first pledge celibacy, stating that "the church cannot escape from the clutches of the laity unless priests first escape the clutches of their wives." The Second Lateran Council and Pope Innocent II (forgetting the example of his fifth-century namesake) effectively put a halt to the married priesthood in 1139.

The starting premise was chained up for centuries until June 1980, when John Paul II fiddled with the lock. He made special pastoral provisions for married Protestant ministers who converted to Catholicism to be ordained to the Catholic priesthood, bringing along their wives and children--provision that, to this day, most U.S. Catholics are unaware of.

Since then, 70 Episcopalians and an assortment of Lutheran, Methodist, and Presbyterian clerics--most of them married--have converted to Catholicism and been ordained Catholic priests in the United States. The practice continues worldwide.

In roughly that same time frame, 23,000 U.S. Catholic priests have left active ministry (100,000 worldwide). Twenty-five percent of the world's parishes are now said to be without resident priests.

So how can we start from the same premise--celibacy is not essential to the priesthood--and end up with such different conclusions concerning formerly Protestant married priests and Catholic priests who resigned and then married?

This is the way the Vatican sees it for married Protestant ministers who have converted to Catholicism and are now practicing, married Catholic priests: Becoming a Catholic priest should not require these clergy to forsake the marriage commitment made prior to becoming Catholic. The original promise of these priests--to be Anglican and to minister to Anglican congregations--can be renegotiated without it affecting their status as an active Catholic priest.

And this is the way the Vatican sees it for celibate Catholic priests: Becoming a Catholic priest requires forever forsaking a marriage commitment. Original promises by the celibate Catholic priests--to be celibate while being a Catholic priest--cannot be renegotiated without their active status as Catholic priests ending.

Clearly, the problem is not that the Catholic Church sees any problem with a married Catholic priesthood. The Holy See has affirmed this practice in both word and deed. The problem is being Catholic to begin with. You can be a married Catholic priest if you started out a married Protestant minister. But you can't be a married priest if you started out Catholic. If you are experiencing the beginning of a headache, you are not alone. Someone is confused.

Why not welcome married Catholic priests back to active Catholic ministry the way we welcome recently converted married Protestant clergy? Church leaders assert that there are two major obstacles to this. First, they say that the Catholic who leaves the ministry in order to marry is in a significantly different situation from the married priest convert. The Catholic candidate, prior to his ordination as a priest, agrees to celibacy as a standard set by the church in 1139 for all priests ordained in the Latin Church. But this does not bind the convert. His denomination permitted him to be both married and a minister. He did not promise to be celibate. Being received as a Catholic priest, therefore, should not require forsaking his freely chosen marriage commitment.

Second, it is simply not fair, the church says, to allow for the reentry of inactive married Catholic priests. Laymen who have chosen not to be priests and are now married would howl. Active celibate priests who have lived the long, solitary promise would howl. Seminarians who have not pursued or who have cut off promising romantic relationships would howl. People in the pews would howl because the Father who left to become a Mister is back as a Father Mister.

The fact of the matter is that most priests struggle with celibacy--a human-made requirement for ordination. They live with a prerequisite that must be complied with in order to get to their real call, which is to be a priest. Candidates to the priesthood desire with all their hearts to be priests. They pray with all their hearts that something might help them live out the celibacy cover charge in a relatively healthy and life-giving fashion.

So what are we to do? I think the first thing to do is let people know about the starting premise that celibacy is not essential to the priesthood. Let Catholics figure out whether welcoming married, converted Protestant ministers--while excluding married Catholic priests--makes sense. Let them fiddle some more with the lock on the box and move the furniture around a bit in their minds. See what happens.

The second thing is to encourage inactive married Catholic priests to act actively. There are plenty of places to start: rural parishes, people who want to get married but have been turned away from their parish, wake services, priestless parishes, and base communities--the list goes on and on, running from licit to illicit activity.

Last June, I attended the wedding of a--substitute your favorite adjective--inactive, ex-clerical, irregular, non-canonical, fallen, shamed, or procreatively challenged Catholic priest. Dave and Ann were married under a circus tent, there being no room for them in any of the 350-plus churches in that diocese, four of which he had served with distinction in his previous 18 years as a priest.

Over half of those gathered in that makeshift prayer space were former parishioners of Dave's. After the ceremony, Anthony and his wife, Marie, waited just before me in the reception line. Middle-of-the-road Catholics in their late 50s, they raised three daughters (all married by Father Dave) and have seven grandchildren (all baptized by Father Dave).

Anthony and Marie were fired up. Why couldn't Father Dave be married in a Catholic church? Why were there no other priests present (i.e., pastor, classmates, and past associates)--are they running scared? Why couldn't ex-Father Dave continue being Father Dave somehow? When will the losses of great priests like Father Dave end?

Who knows? The time is coming. In the meantime, thousands of us wait at the end of the receiving line, looking for the cracks on the periphery. It will have to be enough for now.


Anonymous said...

I have always said and I will always say, "Celibacy sucks" I don't see why priests should be punished by being derpived of a natural and normal human need, that we all want and all need. Yes, ALL!!! We all need and want to be loved and we all need and want sex!!

Anonymous said...

I have always said and I will always say, "Celibacy sucks" I don't see why priests should be punished by being derpived of a natural and normal human need, that we all want and all need. Yes, ALL!!! We all need and want to be loved and we all need and want sex!!

Anonymous said...

Christ told Peter that whatever he (and through apostolic succession) bound and loosed on earth would also be bound in heaven. Catholics are bound to follow the Magesterium. It is an obligation.

Celibacy may be a cross much too hard to bear. It was Christ who said carry your cross and follow me. For challenge celibacy one must ask God for the graces to carry out that commitment through prayer and penance. If the Holy Father and the Magesterium have seen it necessary to impose celibacy then it follows that the Church militant must follow.

In our country and in the modern world we have become materialists. Through the eyes of modernity man's logic is self serving. THe will of God cannot be understood through the eyes human reason alone without the guidance of the Magesterium since they are charged with dealing divine revelations and all the implications that come forth from it.

My prayers are with those of you who have found celibacy difficult. Please God to give you the graces to understand God's will through your struggles.

Anonymous said...

Achtung! The Church Militant ist here! Talking about an archiac term that has links to warfare and destruction! Am I suppossed to picture here,St. Therese, the Little flower, wearing a helmet, looking very grim... and what? Yelling like George S Patton? Yikes!!! I to think the enemy is the evil forces down in Hell? Kind of too much like the Hell Boy movie, no? To the point... it would be hard today to find a priest or nun who would refer to the Chruch in the archiac term "Church Militant" now a days! I guess my point is the Church is bigger than warfare, destruction, supression or whatever ideas are associated with militant. Common! Its about eternal life by living as a Christian and Christian love NOT about termination with extreme prejudice! The Church has moved on. We have all heard about Vatican II, Right? Given the above mentioned information about married clergy being accepted in this case and the church not allowing married clergy in other cases sounds like an issue of power... not God's/Christ's will. This issue has the feel of political ebb and flo within the institution of the church NOT of spiritual deminsions or the faithful's needs being met. Celibacy is a man made discipline, if it is so imporant for certain individuals in the church to remian celibate then why not continue to maintain relgious and monastic traditions to perserve this spiritual disciplne for those who hold this as so important? If its ok for protestants, who are now Catholics, but not Catholics who exercised their conscience in the celibacy issue to be active clergy now... Well, all of this becomes more and more nonsense! The more the church leaders contridicts themselves the more they seem as though they have lost their bearings and can no longer lead the faithful. Make it clear! Is married clergy allowed. Then make it so. If married clergy in the Roman Catholic Church is not allowed then make it so. How can a Protestant know really how it is to be a Roman Catholic? Really. The message is going to be influenced like it or not. Training is training. If the church continues to send a "it all depends" message, realitivism will confuse us all and this is destructive to the Church.